Plumbers 911 - Heat Pump Installation and Repair
17 Feb

The different types of heat pumps

If you are considering making the switch from a furnace and central air conditioning to a more energy efficient heat pump, it is best to leave the installation process up to the professionals.

Before calling a heat pump professional, there are a couple of items to consider.

The first consideration is the price. Does your state offer a rebate for installing an energy efficient heat pump? If so, the cost of these devices can be greatly reduced. Many states, such as Maine for example, offer rebates or tax credits for installing a heat pump. You can search for incentives in your state here.

Once you have a general idea regarding affordability, it is important to understand the different types of heat pumps. This way, you can have an educated conversation with your Plumbers 911 plumbing expert regarding the type of pump to be installed within your home.

The first and most common type of heat pump is the air source heat pump. These pumps take energy from the existing air and pump it into the home. This type of heat pump is ideal for most houses, especially if it is the least expensive to buy and install.

Air source heat pumps can operate in a wide range of temperatures, but their efficiency will fluctuate based on air temperature. While most heat pumps are still effective at below-freezing temperatures, some are not. The specific temperature point depends on the type of air source heat pump installed, as newer air source heat pump technology is designed for colder climates and can operate at temperatures below 0 degrees fahrenheit. While air source heat pumps will operate in colder temperatures, they will do so at lower heating capacities, with less efficiency.

Another option is the water source heat pump. As suggested by the name, these heat pumps pull heat from a water source to heat the home. These pumps cost a bit more and require a more experienced technician to install.

Water source pumps require water. They can only be installed if there is a well, lake or other natural water source readily available.

The final type of heat pump is the ground source, or geothermal heat pump. Geothermal heat pumps are the most expensive type of pump to install. The tradeoff for the high sticker price is the high efficiency. Homeowners will see a dip in their energy consumption that will pay for the heat pump many times over.

Ground source pumps require the drilling of boreholes and trenches. Depending on the amount of space and soil conditions, an expert will be able to recommend between a either a horizontal or vertical system.

No matter the type of heat pump you are considering, be sure to use a licensed and bonded professional to install the device. Proper installation will ensure that your pump is operating at max efficiency and avoid unnecessary repair or maintenance issues due to improper installation.

If problems with your heat pump ever arise, be sure the maintenance technician is an experienced professional.

Contact Plumbers 911 to be referred to a reliable local plumbing contractor who can help you with any heat pump related question. If you need a heat pump installed or would like emergency repair service, contact Plumbers 911.